first_img“I’m just so proud, and it’s such a great feeling to hold the trophy at the end of the week.”Halep, who claimed the Montreal title a week ago and came into the final on a nine-match winning streak, ran out of reserves and was unable to stop the mounting Bertens momentum.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSJapeth Aguilar wins 1st PBA Finals MVP award for GinebraSPORTSTim Cone still willing to coach Gilas but admits decision won’t be ‘simple yes or no’“I’ve lost three finals here, but maybe I will able to win one at this tournament because I love to play here,” said Halep, who fell to Serena Williams in the 2015 final of the hardcourt US Open tuneup and to Garbine Muguruza in the title match last year.“I had match ball, so I was there,” Helep said. “I didn’t take my chance. In the third set I was empty and I couldn’t fight anymore.” LATEST STORIES Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award Nadine Lustre’s phone stolen in Brazil DepEd’s Taal challenge: 30K students displaced MOST READ Peza offers relief to ecozone firms Judy Ann’s 1st project for 2020 is giving her a ‘stomachache’ Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. ‘High crimes and misdemeanors’: Trump impeachment trial begins The upset took just over two hours and marked the 10th time this season that 17th-ranked Bertens has defeated a top 10 opponent. “It was such a tough match, and after winning that second set I knew, anything is still possible — just keep on going,” said Bertens, who claimed a sixth career WTA title. “Winning a title like this, my first hard court title, and against number one of the world, getting my career high on Monday … it’s  just coming everything together, I guess,” she added. Bertens saved a Halep match point in the second-set tiebreaker to stay alive.“I’m a little bit upset because I couldn’t manage better today, but that’s it. I’m like this, and I have to work more,” Helep said.ADVERTISEMENTcenter_img Gov’t in no rush to rescue animals in Taal Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew MASON, OH – AUGUST 19: Kiki Bertens of the Netherlands reacts after defeating Simona Halep of Romania during the womens final during Day 9 of the Western and Southern Open at the Lindner Family Tennis Center on August 19, 2018 in Mason, Ohio. Rob Carr/Getty Images/AFPDutch challenger Kiki Bertens profited from a third-set collapse by Simona Halep to score the biggest win of her career Sunday, beating the world number one 2-6, 7-6 (8/6), 6-2 in the Cincinnati WTA final.“This is the best day of my career, winning on a surface that you didn’t really like. That’s a great feeling,” Bertens said.ADVERTISEMENT Palace OKs total deployment ban on Kuwait OFWs Halep had looked like ending a quick afternoon with a victory after breaking Bertens twice to sweep the first set.But the 26-year-old Dutchwoman, who had considered retiring last season due to poor results, began to turn the tide in the second as she broke for a 3-1 lead.Halep got that break back in the eighth game to make it 4-all, and took tighter control in the tiebreaker.But Bertens won four games in the decider to take a 4-2 lead and quickly seized the set seconds after saving the match point.Halep ‘exhausted’Halep seriously faded in the final set, going down two breaks to trail 1-4.Bertens kept up the pressure and advanced with a winner on her first match point, posting her second career win over Hale six years after beating her for the first time.The depleted Halep is still entered as top seed in the upcoming WTA tournament in New Haven, which ends just two days prior to the start of the US Open in New York.While not specifying if she will actually play, Halep said she would travel to Connecticut on Monday.“For sure I need a little bit of rest because I’m exhausted.  Will you be the first P16 Billion Powerball jackpot winner from the Philippines? “But also I take the positive from these two weeks,” she added. “It’s a great confidence (builder), and I’m looking forward actually for the next one to be better on court.”Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Ex-sports doctor Nassar moved to another prison facility View commentslast_img read more

first_imgThe death is announced of Mother Mammie Kwiayie Kelly Zoe; an astute mother from Beo-Yoola Town, now Twua River District, near the Liberian/Ivorian border in Nimba County. She was 79 (1936-2014).Mammie, as her friends, relatives, and children affectionately called her, died recently of natural causes a family source has said.Prior to her death, Mrs. Zoe, from Buo Clan,  became a staunch member of the Liberia Inland Church where she served along with her husband, Rev. Mabiakerler Zoe.She leaves to mourn her loss, five living children; among them one daughter, Evangelist Rhoda Zoe and the political leader of opposition-Liberia Empowerment Party (LEP), Rev. Hananiah Zoe, 27 grand children and 18 great grand children.According to Rev. Zoe, his mother died following a period of illness and “thanked God she’s gone to rest.”“For me, to live is Christ, to die is gain, and so celebrate my home going together in peace and unity,” the late Mammie Zoe is quoted by Rev. Zoe as always telling her children while she was alive.Meanwhile, Rev. Zoe has disclosed that activities concerning the funeral arrangements for their late mother are yet to be announced. Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

first_imgBREAKFAST with Hector was never so good as the 2FM star brought his radio show to Donegal Town this morning.He’s off to Mayo tomorrow – let’s hope he keeps that jersey on!Said Hector: “We had a fantastic time here in Donegal today.” He also visited Abbey Vocational School, remarking: “A big thanks to the principal, teachers, staff and pupils. They were incredible.” HECTOR TAKES DONEGAL BY STORM – WEARING HIS DONEGAL JERSEY! was last modified: September 19th, 2012 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:HECTOR TAKES DONEGAL BY STORM – WEARING HIS DONEGAL JERSEY!last_img read more

first_imgSOCCER: Packie Bonner has revealed he doesn’t know how Mick McCarthy didn’t ‘chin’ Roy Keane during their infamous bust-up in Saipan. Bonner has been discussing extracts from his autobiography ‘The Last Line’ which will be released early next month. Bonner was part of the Irish backroom team during that now infamous fall-out between Ireland manager Mick McCarthy and team captain and Manchester United star Roy Keane.Keane was sent home in disgrace and the fall-out still provokes fierce debate to this day.Keane was at the peak of his powers and was influential in ensuring Ireland’s place at the World Cup in South Korea and Japan.However, Keane was furious at the inadequate training facilities in Saipan – and then snapped when McCarthy confronted him over a piece he done with The Irish Times. However, Bonner says he still can’t believe McCarthy showed the restraint he did considering the abuse and venom in Kean’s verbal assault.Bonner told The Irish Sun, “I know Mick McCarthy a long time, I played with him at Celtic and I seen him manhandle an opponent in a tunnel and swat him away like a fly.“He can look after himself in any company and was a tough and uncompromising man.“He showed credible restraint with Keane when he launched into a shocking tirade that was full of venom.“Keane launched a personal attack on Mick and it felt like it went on for an eternity, he even brought up an incident that had happened during a tour of the USA a decade earlier and said his opinion of him was the same as it was then.“I really don’t know how McCarthy didn’t chin him and knock him out. Bonner also feels that Ireland were better off without Keane because of the fear other players had.“I’ve often asked myself that question, but so many players were walking on eggshells around him – and I don’t think that is good for morale at all.PACKIE BONNER – “I DON’T KNOW HOW MICK MCCARTHY DIDN’T KNOCK ROY KEANE OUT” was last modified: September 25th, 2015 by Mark ForkerShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:newsSportlast_img read more

first_imgEverton have also shown an interest in the player, having tracked him last summer, while Sevilla are also keep an eye on him.Ecreg told Estadio Deportivo: “Kalinic is aware of the interest of several teams.“But he has to wait and see what Milan decides. Atletico are interested, we cannot hide that fact.“But Sevilla are too, there are several options open, however it depends on Milan’s management.”He added: “Nikola knows how competitive Atletico are, with a great coach like [Diego] Simeone at the helm.“But right now it is not in our hands to decide, once Milan express their decision, we will evaluate it.” targets IN DEMAND Top nine Premier League free transfers of the decade blunder Man United joined by three other clubs in race for Erling Haaland Tony Cascarino backs Everton to sign two strikers for Carlo Ancelotti LATEST targets 1 RANKED The Serie A star has had interest from top Spanish clubs and Premier League sides LATEST TRANSFER NEWS The bizarre reason why Man United didn’t sign new Liverpool playmaker Minamino Arsenal transfer news LIVE: Ndidi bid, targets named, Ozil is ‘skiving little git’ AC Milan star Nikola Kalinic has been linked with a move to Atletico Madrid.Kalinic’s agent Tomislav Erceg said the 30-year-old would be keen on a move to the Spanish capital after Milan told him he can leave this summer. Where every Premier League club needs to strengthen in Januarylast_img read more

first_imgA man is being questioned by Gardai after an attempted armed robbery at a Letterkenny petrol station last night.A would-be robber produced a knife and demanded cash at the Glencar filling station.However the man was overpowered and detained by staff at the garage. It is understood a large knife was recovered at the scene of the attempted hold-up.The suspect was arrested by Gardai and brought to Letterkenny Garda station where he is still being questioned.The attempted robbery comes less than a week after another robbery at another Letterkenny shop using a knife.A member of staff Callaghan’s XL shop on the town’s Main Street was held at knifepoint and a large amount of cash was taken during the raid. It is not known if Gardai are linking the two incidents yet. MAN HELD AFTER ATTEMPTED KNIFE-RAID ON PETROL STATION was last modified: March 31st, 2013 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:GardaiGlencar Filling stationknife-raidlast_img read more

first_imgDONEGAL SOUTHUnder 12 Division 1Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment 14-Jun-2014 Naomh Muire 0 – 4 1 – 7 Naomh Naille Naomh MuireUnder 14 Championship Division 1 Group 1Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment 13-Jun-2014 Naomh Columba 10 – 12 4 – 4 Four Masters Naomh ColumbaUnder 14 Championship Division 2Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment11-Jun-2014 Naomh Ultan 3 – 2 8 – 11 Kilcar Naomh UltanUnder 14 Championship Division 1 Group 1Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment 11-Jun-2014 Ardara 5 – 11 10 – 12 Naomh Columba ArdaraUnder 14 Championship Division 2Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment11-Jun-2014 Bundoran 3 – 10 5 – 13 Naomh Brid Bundoran Under 14 Championship Division 1 Group 2Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment11-Jun-2014 Naomh Conaill 2 – 12 2 – 10 Dungloe Naomh Connaill11-Jun-2014 Naomh Naille 0 – 12 6 – 13 Killybegs Naomh NailleUnder 14 Championship Division 1 Group 1Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment11-Jun-2014 Four Masters 4 – 10 5 – 7 Aodh Ruadh Four MastersUnder 12 Division 1Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment09-Jun-2014 Dungloe 3 – 3 1 – 9 Aodh Ruadh DungloeUnder 12 Division 2Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment09-Jun-2014 Kilcar 4 – 4 4 – 2 Killybegs Kilcar09-Jun-2014 Na Rossa 3 – 2 3 – 7 Naomh Ultan Na RossaUnder 12 Division 1Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment09-Jun-2014 Ardara 2 – 8 1 – 8 Naomh Muire ArdaraUnder 12 Division 2Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment09-Jun-2014 Naomh Columba 7 – 11 1 – 4 Bundoran Naomh ColumbaDONEGAL NORTHU14 Division 3 ChampionshipDate Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment14-Jun-2014 Glenswilly 1 – 5 0 Moville Glenswilly-Pairc Naomh Columba Championship semi finalU14 Division 1 ChampionshipDate Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment14-Jun-2014 Naomh Padraig Muff 6 – 4 9 – 8 Buncrana Muff Championship semi final12-Jun-2014 Fanad Gaels 5 – 10 3 – 6 Termon Fanad Gaels Portsalon Shield semi final11-Jun-2014 St Eunans 3 – 9 7 – 8 Sean MacCumhaills O Donnell Park-Letterkenny Championship semi finalU14 Division 3 Championship Group 1Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment11-Jun-2014 Naomh Padraig Lifford 0 – 3 5 – 13 Burt Lifford-Pairc Mac DiarmadaU14 Division 2 ChampionshipDate Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment11-Jun-2014 Naomh Colmcille Newtown 5 – 16 5 – 10 Convoy Pairc Colmcille Newton Shield Final. Extra time if necessaryU14 Division 3 Championship Group 1Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment11-Jun-2014 Glenfin 2 – 1 6 – 7 Glenswilly Pairce TaobhoigeU14 Division 2 ChampionshipDate Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment09-Jun-2014 Convoy 7 – 10 2 – 3 Malin Convoy Shield semi finalU14 Division 3 Championship Group 1Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment09-Jun-2014 Glenswilly 1 – 9 3 – 2 Cloughaneely Glenswilly-Pairc Naomh ColumbaCOUNTY DONEGALSenior League Div 2Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment15-Jun-2014 Realt na Mara G.F.C 0 – 13 0 – 10 Naomh Mhuire BundoranSenior League Div 1Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment15-Jun-2014 Glenswilly 0 – 5 1 – 13 Ardara Glenswilly15-Jun-2014 St Michaels 0 – 7 0 – 8 Kilcar St Michael’sSenior League Div 2Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment15-Jun-2014 Sean MacCumhaills 0 – 13 0 – 12 Gleann Fhinne Sean Mac Cumhaill15-Jun-2014 Fanad Gaels 4 – 15 1 – 9 St Nauls Pairc Uí ShiailSenior League Div 1Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment15-Jun-2014 Malin 2 – 9 0 – 17 Naomh Conaill Connolly ParkSenior League Div 3Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment15-Jun-2014 Urris 3 – 8 3 – 16 Milford Crampsey ParkSenior League Div 2Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment15-Jun-2014 Downings 1 – 10 1 – 16 Cloughaneely Pairc Na nDunaibhSenior League Div 1Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment15-Jun-2014 Termon 1 – 9 0 – 13 Four Masters TermonSenior Res League Div 1Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment15-Jun-2014 St Michaels 1 – 6 2 – 6 Kilcar St Michael’sSenior Res League Div 2Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment15-Jun-2014 Fanad Gaels 2 – 18 1 – 9 St Nauls Pairc Uí ShiailSenior Res League Div 1Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment15-Jun-2014 Glenswilly 2 – 13 0 – 7 Ardara GlenswillySenior Res League Div 2Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment15-Jun-2014 Realt na Mara G.F.C 2 – 11 2 – 9 Naomh Mhuire BundoranSenior Res League Div 1Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment15-Jun-2014 Malin 1 – 9 1 – 15 Naomh Conaill Connolly ParkSenior Res League Div 3Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment15-Jun-2014 Urris 3 – 8 3 – 16 Milford Crampsey ParkSenior League Div 3Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment14-Jun-2014 Burt 4 – 14 0 – 2 Carndonagh Hibernian ParkSenior League Div 5Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment14-Jun-2014 St Eunans 5 – 13 3 – 12 Gleann Fhinne St Eunan’sSenior League Div 3Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment14-Jun-2014 Aodh Ruadh 5 – 8 0 – 12 Naomh Columba Father Tierney ParkSenior League Div 5Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment14-Jun-2014 Naomh Conaill 2 – 14 2 – 10 Ardara GlentiesDivision 4 ResDate Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment14-Jun-2014 Naomh Pádraig Uisce Chaoin 0 – 3 2 – 17 Convoy Naomh Padraig Uisce ChaoinSenior League Div 5Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment14-Jun-2014 Glenswilly 2 – 9 0 – 6 Sean MacCumhaills GlenswillySenior League Div 4Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment14-Jun-2014 Naomh Ultan 2 – 6 2 – 7 Moville Naomh Ultan14-Jun-2014 Robert Emmets 2 – 8 2 – 11 Na Rossa Robert EmmetsSenior Res League Div 3Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment14-Jun-2014 Aodh Ruadh 0 – 14 1 – 14 Naomh Columba Father Tierney ParkSenior League Div 4Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment14-Jun-2014 Naomh Padraig Leifear 0 – 5 3 – 5 Letterkenny Gaels Naomh Padraig LeifearSenior Res League Div 3Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment14-Jun-2014 Red Hughs 0 – 8 2 – 7 Naomh Colmcille Pairc Aodh RuaSenior League Div 4Date Team 1 Score Score Team 2 Venue Comment14-Jun-2014 Naomh Pádraig Uisce Chaoin 2 – 7 1 – 12 Convoy Naomh Padraig Uisce ChaoinALL YOUR WEEKLY GAA RESULTS was last modified: June 15th, 2014 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:donegalGAAResultslast_img read more

first_imgMinister of State for Housing and Urban Renewal Damien English has vowed to fast-track the next stage in the Mica resolution process.Minister English met with the MICA Action Group today and assured homeowners who are affected and public representatives that two of the eight recommendations outlined in the recent ‘Report of the Expert Panel on Concrete Blocks’ will be put into action before the end of the year.The report was last month released by the Minister, and it estimates that between 1,200 and 4,800 homes are affected by mica, with most of them being built between 1999 and 2008. Some of the properties affected were built as far back as 1984 up until 2011, but most of the properties were constructed between 1999 and 2008. Thousands of properties in Donegal and Mayo are affected. Source: Report of the Expert Panel on Concrete Blocks.It mainly affects the Inishowen area, but there are properties impacted in the Letterkenny Municipal District area also.Recommendation 1, titled ‘Testing and Categorisation Protocol’ outlines that “a simple standardised protocol should be developed to; assess and categorise the damage; establish the extent of the problem; identify the scope of any testing required; and aid selection of an appropriate remedial solution.”As some investigations were carried out by professionals with varying levels of “consistency” (ie, some will include laboratory tests whereas others will visually inspect the premises), a standardised protocol must be put into place.Recommendation 2, titled ‘Competent Professional Oversight’ recommends that “the homeowners seek the advice of a competent professional where concerns regarding Health and Safety arise, and the design and inspection of any proposed remedial works to affected dwellings be monitored by a competent professional.” When worried about safety, advice should be sought from a qualified professional, with all materials being suitable for the job at hand.Following the implementation of recommendations one and two, the Minister will then turn to the financial aspect.Although not committing to a redress scheme, he assured homeowners that they will not be left with the bill. He also raised the possibility of providing social housing for families affected.Minister English plans on meeting the MICA Action Group again before Christmas.Minister English said; “I want to thank the families of the Mica Action Group for meeting me in Lifford today. Many of them are living in terrible conditions and it was important for me to meet them again. “I have visited some of their homes to see for myself the issues they face on a daily basis.“I want to compliment all the families I met today and all those affected by this issue for working with us to find solutions. I also want to compliment Minister McHugh, Cllr McGuinness and all those who have worked hard to get us this far in this process and I have asked that the next stage is moved quickly through and I will return to Donegal before Christmas to meet the families again.”Within the report, the Minister says that people were “devastated” by the way in which their homes have deteriorated.“The frustrations, trauma and distress of these people were clearly visible during our visits to their homes. They have homes in which they made significant financial investments on behalf of their families but now find that their investments may be worthless. “The lives of these people have been seriously impacted both emotionally and financially and they find themselves in an unfortunate and difficult position and are seeking assistance from wherever possible to rectify their situations.”Donegal TD Joe McHugh thanked Minister English for his commitment to the people of Donegal on this issue and says he will continue to lobby in government for a redress scheme.Cllr Bernard McGuinness and Cllr Barry O’Neill have also admired the Minister’s commitment on the issue.Minister vows to ‘fast-track the next stage in the resolution process’ for MICA families was last modified: July 20th, 2017 by Elaine McCalligShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:MICAMICA Action Groupminister damien englishredressReport of the Expert Panel on Concrete Blockslast_img read more

first_imgNeanderthals: Just Another Ethnic Groupby Jerry Bergman, PhDYet another new article on Neanderthals supports the growing scientific consensus that they are just another group of human beings like you and me. Nonetheless, remnants of the old and now disproved evolutionary view keep hanging around. A new article in the May 2019 issue of the leading magazine The Smithsonian does a marvelous job covering this topic.[1] In short, the article, which includes reprints of cartoons maligning our Neanderthal relatives, opined: “Revolutionary discoveries in archaeology show that the species long maligned as knuckle-dragging brutes deserve a new place in the human story.”This topic has special meaning for me. Knowing that several colleagues of mine at the college where I taught for 31 years had Neanderthal DNA, I had mine analyzed by 23 and Me and found I am 51.6 percent Finnish-Swedish, which I already knew. I also found I have 360 Neanderthal variants which is more than 96 percent of the enormous 5 million-person database 23 and Me used as a comparison.In my case, Neanderthal ancestry accounts for about four percent of my overall DNA analyzed. The only larger percent, besides Finnish-Swedish, was British and German. One does not think of Neanderthal as related to blond, blue-eyed Scandinavians, but from what we know about Neanderthals they were well-adapted to the cold, so when the post-Flood Ice Age swept over Europe, the Neanderthals no doubt moved north up into Scandinavian lands where my relatives lived.New Research on Neanderthal ArtDeep within a cave in southern Spain, researchers have been searching for the ancient markings of the people they believe inhabited the caves there, namely the Neanderthals. The art is beneath layers of calcium carbonate. In one of three sites in Spain, cave explorers, or spelunkers, found designs consisting of hazy circles drawn with red ocher. Separated by hundreds of miles, the caves house handiwork—vivid artwork patterns (spheres, ladders or hand stencils). Using drills and surgical scalpels, the cavers grind and scrape the minerals that dripping groundwater deposited on top of the artwork for centuries. At each spot, “to avoid damaging the paintings,” a few milligrams of veneer are carefully removed without touching the final coat of calcite overlaying the ocher.The results have begun to change scientists’ understanding of the so-called prehistoric artistic creations. The findings are yet more evidence that the world’s first artists must have been Neanderthals, people once believed to be “stocky, stooped figures, preternaturally low-browed, who became extinct as sapiens inherited the earth.”[2] University of Barcelona Professor Zilhão, opined, “the paintings have turned out to be the oldest known art in Europe, and, with current knowledge, the oldest in the world.”[3]This is only one more find revolutionizing our view of Neanderthals. The old story began in the summer of 1856, “when quarrymen in Germany’s Neander Valley dug up part of a fossilized skull with a receding forehead.” Researchers have been arguing “about the position of this group of early people in the human family tree ever since,” speculating “they apparently thrived in Europe and Western Asia from about 400,000 to 40,000 B.C.”[4]A more modern depiction shows Neanderthals as strong, intelligent and culturally astute. What’s the difference? image by Mauro Cutrona.False Evolutionary Ideas Slowly Overcome by ScienceUnfortunately, soon after Darwin published his book that overturned the creation worldview, Homo neanderthalensisgot a bad rap as lamebrained brutes who huddled in cold caves while gnawing at slabs of slain mammoth. Nature’s down-and-outs were judged to be too dimwitted for moral or theistic conceptions, probably devoid of language and behaviorally inferior to their modern human contemporaries.[5]These now-discredited opinions were consequences of preconceived ideas about human evolution. Evolutionists needed missing links, and so placed these unusual bones into their “march of progress” between apes and men. If researchers would have gone where the scientific facts led them, a very different picture would have been drawn. A new body of research has emerged, transforming our image of Neanderthals as fully human as much as any ethnic group. In the Smithsonian article, Franz Lidz describes the transformed image:Through advances in archaeology, dating, genetics, biological anthropology and many related disciplines we now know that Neanderthals not only had bigger brains than sapiens, but also walked upright and had a greater lung capacity. These ice age Eurasians were skilled toolmakers and big-game hunters who lived in large social groups, built shelters, traded jewelry, wore clothing, ate plants and cooked them, and made sticky pitch to secure their spear points by heating birch bark. Evidence is mounting that Neanderthals had a complex language and even, given the care with which they buried their dead, some form of spirituality. And as the cave art in Spain demonstrates, these early settlers had the chutzpah to enter an unwelcoming underground environment, using fire to light the way.[6]Now this sounds more like my relatives! Finns tend to do well in running on the track partly because of their large lung capacity. That may be a coincidence, or it might be a relic of Neanderthal ancestry, given humans’ well-known adaptability to different environments. Unfortunately, old ideas based on evolutionary presumptions have for decades resulted in “squabbles over the intelligence and taxonomic status of these archaic humans” that havehave gotten so bitter and so intense that some researchers refer to them as the Neanderthal Wars. Over the years battle lines have been drawn over everything from the shape of Neanderthals’ noses and the depth of their trachea to the extent to which they interbred with modern humans. In the past, the combatants have been at each other’s throats over authorship of the cave art, which had been hampered by lack of precise dating—often sapiens couldn’t be ruled out as the real artists.[7]The latest rumpus centers on whether or not the abstract patterns qualify as symbolic expression, which would be indicative of cognitive sophistication. Dirk Hoffmann, a lead author of the cave art study, noted the one of the main evidence of the conclusion of Neanderthal humanity is evidence of theemergence of symbolic material culture [which] represents a fundamental threshold in the evolution of humankind… the debate over whether the cave art qualifies as symbolic expression “touches deeply on a concern that goes far beyond academic rivalries. It confronts the issue of how special we, as modern humans,” are.  Zilhão has been the Neanderthals’ loudest and most persistent advocate. At 62, he’s more or less the de facto leader of the movement to rehabilitate a vanished people.[8]Stay tuned. Another major problem is dating the Neanderthal bones and fragments.The Problem of DatingIf Neanderthals lived from 400,000 to 40,000 years ago as claimed, does this mean my 360 Neanderthal variants have managed to survive intact that long? DNA deteriorates very rapidly due to several causes, including background radiation from cosmic rays and the radiation that seeps up from the ground as radon gas, a byproduct of uranium-238 decay. Radon in turn decays by the emission of alpha particles to polonium, bismuth, and lead in successive steps, most of them also radioactive.Other sources of radiation include exposure to medical diagnostic and therapeutic procedures such as X-rays and CT scans, nuclear weapons production and testing, accidents such as at Chernobyl in 1986, and occupational exposure.[9] This is why the mutation load increases by about 100 new mutations for each generation. Mutations are constantly damaging genes which, fortunately, are repaired successfully 99.99 percent of the time by repair systems in body cells. The 100 or so new mutations per generation are a result of the 0.01 percent that are not repaired. In dead bodies, however, DNA damage is not repaired. Consequently, damage to DNA accumulates rapidly in cadavers and fossils.The half-life of DNA (the point at which fully half the DNA molecule backbone bonds are broken) is 521 years. Professor Morten E. Allentoft, Director of the Ancient DNA Laboratory, after extensive study, concluded that after 521 years DNA would be useless for comparisons or sequencing. I am unable to fathom sufficient DNA would remain for DNA analysis after 40,000 years—over 76 half-lives.[10] Specifically, Allentoft’s lab found, by analyzingmitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from 158 radiocarbon-dated bones of the extinct New Zealand moa, we confirm empirically a long-hypothesized exponential decay relationship. The average DNA half-life within this geographically constrained fossil assemblage was estimated to be 521 years for a 242 bp mtDNA sequence, corresponding to a per nucleotide fragmentation rate (k) of 5.50 x 10– 6 per year.[11]Furthermore, the 400, 000 to 40,000-year range estimate is a guesstimate, based partly on rocks and the surrounding environment. Early-1990s claims of million-year-old DNA recovered from fossils, Allentoft documented, are now widely regarded as modern contaminants. As anyone who has done sequencing of DNA is aware, contamination is a major problem.[12] This problem has been recognized for over 25 years by Lindahl, who observed that DNA, the carrier of genetic information, is not chemically stable outside a living cell.Hydrolysis, oxidation and non-enzymatic methylation of DNA occur at significant rates both in vivo and in vitro, but an organism fights the decay until it dies. Then, the spontaneous decay of DNA sets limits for the recovery of DNA fragments from fossils.[13] The only way to reduce this problem is to work in a level-5 clean room, as one who sequenced the mitochondrial and nuclear genomes of the Neanderthal, knows.[14] The fact is, “the kinetics of long-term post-mortem DNA decay is still poorly understood.”[15]In teaching forensics, I recall courtroom debates in my textbook about the quality of DNA of a woman we know died in 1947. After just 70 years, the woman’s DNA had become far too fragmented to make any valid conclusions, the court argued. The ability to sequence and reconstruct ancient DNA is improving and becoming more sophisticated,[16] but 40,000 years is an awfully long time, let alone 400,000 years.1960-era diagrams put Neanderthals beneath “modern” humansReferences[1] Lidz, Franz. 2019. “What Do We Really Know About Neanderthals? The Smithsonian Magazine. 50(2): 24-35,  86, May 2019.[2] Lidz, 2019., p. 26.[3] Lidz, 2019. P. 26.[4] Lidz, 2019, p. 28.[5] Lidz, 2019, p. 28.[6] Lidz, 2019, p. 28.[7] Lidz, 2019, p. 29.[8] Lidz, 2019, p. 29.[9] Report of the United Nations Scientific Committee on the effects of atomic radiation. UN Publication.[10] Allentoft, Morten E. 2012. The half-life of DNA in bone: Measuring decay kinetics in 158 dated fossils. Proceedings of the Royal Society Biology, 279(1748): 4724–4733.[11] Allentoft, 2012, p. 4724.[12] Allentoft, 2012, p. 4724.[13] Lindahl, Tomas. 1993. Instability and decay of the primary structure of DNA. Nature, 252(6422):709-715. April 22.[14] Pääbo, Svante. 2014. Neanderthal Man. New York, NY: Basic Books.[15] Allentoft, 2012, p. 4724.[16] Herrmann, Bernd and Susanne Hummel (Editors). 1994. Ancient DNA: Recovery and Analysis of Genetic Material from Paleontological, Archaeological, Museum, Medical, and Forensic Specimens. New York, NY: Springer Publishing.Dr. Jerry Bergman has taught biology, genetics, chemistry, biochemistry, anthropology, geology, and microbiology at several colleges and universities including for over 40 years at Bowling Green State University, Medical College of Ohio where he was a research associate in experimental pathology, and The University of Toledo. He is a graduate of the Medical College of Ohio, Wayne State University in Detroit, the University of Toledo, and Bowling Green State University. He has over 1,300 publications in 12 languages and 40 books and monographs. His books and textbooks that include chapters that he authored, are in over 1,500 college libraries in 27 countries. So far over 80,000 copies of the 40 books and monographs that he has authored or co-authored are in print. For more articles by Dr Bergman, see his Author Profile.(Visited 906 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

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