Beehives have hexagons. So do lava flows. Is there any difference in how they form? Science Daily shows a picture of polygon-shaped tops of basalt columns at the Giant’s Causeway in Ireland. Similar formations are found in the Grand Canyon, at Devil’s Postpile in California, and in many places around the world. Researchers at the University of Toronto were able to study the formation rate of columns using corn starch, water, and a heat lamp. They found that the size of the columns is a function of the rate of cooling. This article did not explain, however, why the fractures form polygons. A link in the article points to another Science Daily article from 2001 that said, “The configuration that minimizes the energy required to penetrate the interior turns out to be quasi-hexagonal—a regular pattern of hexagons, pentagons, and heptagons, as in the Giant’s Causeway.” A researcher from Argentina does not think this explains everything about them, however, and denies that the only questions left in physics are at the subatomic level. “Many fundamental open questions and mysteries still remain at the scale of our everyday experience,” Alberto G. Rojo remarked seven years ago. “Patterns, both in inanimate and in living natural objects represent just one of those questions.” A spectacular example of a pattern in living natural objects are the hexagonal hives of honeybees (picture). A comparison of the pictures shows that beehive hexagons are more regular than those of the basalt columns. Moreover, they are not produced by cooling of cracks following the path of least resistance, as if they were the output of a natural physical law; else all species of bees would build hives; some do not. Instead, beehives are built up by certain living organisms containing the genetic instructions for hive-making. Instead of dissipating energy by cooling, bees put energy into the system. The result is a purposeful, structurally-sound system of cells they can use as incubators for their eggs. The resemblance to basalt columns is only superficial. Another striking difference is that individual honeybees do not build the hexagons. Only when a group of bees come together does the hive-making activity begin. Andy Fletcher of TOK Seminars uses this as an example of complexity – the emergence of complex behavior among individual parts which do not exhibit the behavior alone, but only in groups. Complexity, he says, is becoming the science of the 21st century.One primary difference between organismic and inanimate patterns is in their information content. Geological formations follow blind natural laws; biology encodes genetic instructions. Learning to compare designed vs. non-designed structures is a worthwhile and important skill (see sample list in the 09/21/2006 commentary). The patterns in nature go deeper than this, however. Saying that inanimate patterns lack information or intelligent design is too simplistic. Inanimate patterns often exhibit precise mathematical relationships. Why should a spiral galaxy and a hurricane’s spiral bear a relationship to the Golden Mean? Why should they resemble the conch shell, which also has this relationship? The Golden Mean is a ratio that converges from an infinite series of ratios of Fibonacci Sequence numbers. Why should that odd series, consisting of integers that are the sum of the prior two integers, show up so often in nature – in pine cones and sunflowers and seashells, as well as in the vortex formed by water going down a drain? And why should the beehive’s hexagonal pattern generated from genetic instructions converge on a similar pattern to that produced by laws of thermodynamics in solidifying rock? There are deeper patterns at work in the universe than we fully understand. These patterns are not explainable by a blind, mechanistic, chance philosophy like Darwinism or materialism. Understanding the particles (reductionism) is not helping us understand the collective order. Atheists are baffled why a universe of quarks or strings would give rise to honeybees and fractals and the Golden Mean. Theists expect an all-wise God to put his stamp of intelligent design from the top down, from the human brain to the subatomic particle. That is what we find. Let’s apply design-based heuristics to figure them out.Visual Treat #1: Gaze at a gallery of snowflakes photographed by Caltech physicist Kenneth Libbrecht on New Scientist.Visual Treat #2: Dive into a universe of patterns generated by the fractal Mandelbrot set on YouTube. This series of patterns is generated by a mathematical equation whose output is chaotic and unpredictable, yet a similar shape keeps recurring on smaller and smaller scales.(Visited 355 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
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Open WoundsTo go along with your blood, you’re going to need an injury. A good place to start would be a freshly open wound in your victim or zombie. In this video by Youtube makeup artist Kelsey Bobian, we learn how to create DIY open wounds out of glue and toilet paper (along with some standard makeup items). This technique is helpful and unique because it’s simple to create and doesn’t use latex, which makes it much easier to simply wash off with hot water.Severed LimbsIn this very in-depth (and quite interesting) tutorial by Tested, we get a peek into the process of professional Hollywood effect artist Frank Ippolito, who has quite an impressive production portfolio. The step-by-step walkthrough shows the entire process for molding your own hand to create a silicone cast. Then, you can cut and paint it to create a very lifelike and gory prosthetic.Exploding HeadsWhile this technique looks a little more difficult, it’s actually one of the simplest (in part, thanks to a little digital manipulation, but mostly practical effects). All it really requires is a green screen, Adobe After Effects, a water balloon, lots of fake blood and several stunned, blood-splattered reactions. If you need a quick refresher on how to work with green screens and key out footage, here are a few resources. The rest comes down to directing, acting, and dramatic editing.Gunshots and SquibsIf you’re going to deal with monsters or other horror creatures, you better be ready to put them down in style. One of the most popular ways, as film and television teach us, is to use firearms effectively. As such, understanding how to work safely and effectively with squibs is your best option. If you’re unfamiliar, this video is a great two-part resource for DIY squib-making, and it includes a nice itemized breakdown of everything you’ll need.If you’re looking for more horror and practical effects, check out some of these resources below.Look Away! Practical Horror Effects in Classic FilmsLearn a Gruesome Lesson in Horror Makeup From Rick BakerCreate Suspenseful “Split” Horror Titles in After Effects5 Tips for Making a Short Horror FilmBasics Tips and Concepts to Keep in Mind as You Make Your Horror Film Working on a horror film or video project? Here are some practical filmmaking tips for creating gore effects that won’t break your budget.Cover image from Shaun of the Dead (Universal Pictures).There’s a lot of filmmaking magic you can do in post-production these days. That’s not to say it’s not pragmatic or useful to add virtual blood splatters or clever color grading to make wounds look extra gooey and gangrenous. However, for films on budgets, practical effects are often the best option for authenticity.If you’re shooting your next slasher zombie horror thriller (or any combination thereof), let’s look at five different types of practical gore effects for your next project.Fake Blood RecipesIf you’re whipping up a batch of blood for your first time, you’ll be surprised to learn that there are tons of different recipes for all different types of fake blood. Do you want blood that looks fresh and bright, or dark and old? Does it need to spray in the air or be painted across the floorboards?There are many tweaks and variations to consider, but here is a solid basic blood recipe that should provide good visuals for your film (and is not harmful to your actors). This recipe should yield about two gallons of fake blood and comes via Shakespeare Dallas.12 cups light corn syrup (3 32 oz. bottles)8 cups chocolate syrup6 cups strawberry syrup2 cups water1 ½ cups creamy peanut butter5 second smooth pour of liquid red food coloring20 drops liquid blue food coloring3 cups non-toxic washable children’s poster paint (classic red)
Taking an initiative to promote digital enterprise management, the Indian Institute of Management, Udaipur, has launched the first-ever master’s programme in the field to equip professionals with working knowledge of emerging technologies and acclaimed practices. Advisory boardThe institute has also set up an Academic Advisory Board for developing the new course.The curriculum for the 12-month residential course has been prepared in consultation with industry experts. IIM-Udaipur director Janat Shah told The Hindu on Sunday that the curriculum would enable professionals to work efficiently in the emerging digital business enterprises where conventional management concepts and leadership styles were no longer relevant.The IIM-Udaipur has signed memorandums of understanding with some leading companies for collaboration in educating its students in digital knowledge. Prof. Shah said this approach would help bridge the gap between academia and industry and give an opportunity to the students to get a jump-start and enter the workforce with the relevant experience.“Since the industries are ahead of us, an association with them will train our students — who will be professionals with three years’ experience — in the organisational behaviour and strategies across disciplines as well in the analytics-related subjects and new technologies related to digital transformation,” Prof. Shah said.More MoUs are in the pipeline for collaborations focused on strategic and practical challenges of managing digital enterprises. “For instance, IBM will give students relevant exposure to leading-edge technologies, including artificial intelligence and advanced analytics, and provide a platform for short-term projects in the digital space,” said the IIM-Udaipur director.The IIM-Udaipur, established in 2011, is currently ranked fifth in India for research in the field of management, according to the methodology used by the University of Texas at Dallas. The institute has established a Centre for Digital Enterprise to create an environment for thought leadership in digital transformation and expand research opportunities in the field.Begins in April, 2020Prof. Shah said the IIM-Udaipur’s Board of Governors had formally approved setting up of the Academic Advisory Board at its meeting held over the weekend. The new master’s programme, for which admissions have started based on GMAT/GRE score, will begin in April 2020.
Grace Poe files bill to protect govt teachers from malicious accusations LATEST STORIES FILE – Errol Spence Jr. celebrates with fans after knocking out Carlos Ocampo in the first round of a IBF Welterweight Championship bout at The Ford Center at The Star on June 16, 2018 in Frisco, Texas. Tom Pennington/Getty Images/AFPIt seems like almost everyone wants a piece of Manny Pacquiao nowadays.Undefeated American Errol Spence Jr., one of the top 10 pound for pound fighters today, too wants a crack at the Filipino legend even if it means fighting in the Philippines.ADVERTISEMENT “I’ll fight Manny Pacquiao anywhere. Definitely in the Philippines or anywhere else,” Spence told Fight Hub TV recently.But a fight with Pacquiao will have to wait first.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine football chiefSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSpence still has a title bout lined up as he is scheduled to defend his IBF welterweight title against Mikey Garcia next month in Arlington, Texas.The 28-year-old Spence, who boasts a record of 24 wins with 21 knockouts, can’t afford any form of distraction and not to look too far ahead of his March 16 showdown against Garcia. ‘Happy development’ for PH sports as Duterte signs Philippine Sports Training Center Act Urgent reply from Philippine football chief PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss ‘We are too hospitable,’ says Sotto amid SEA Games woes Oil plant explodes in Pampanga town MOST READ Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. US judge bars Trump’s health insurance rule for immigrants SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting PDEA chief backs Robredo in revealing ‘discoveries’ on drug war Garcia is a four-division champion and like Spence, he is also unbeaten with 39 wins and 30 knockouts and a pound-for-pound boxer.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next View comments