first_imgAdvocates say shocking new videos showing extreme bullying offer parents and educators an opportunity to teach young witnesses the importance of bystander intervention.“Targeting behavioural change from the bully is not as effective as targeting the bystander to make a culture shift,” said Gordana Skrba of the Ontario Federation for Cerebral Palsy.A video posted Nov. 8 shows a 14-year-old Nova Scotia boy with cerebral palsy lying down in a stream as a girl steps on his back. About 20 students watch, some filming on their phones.This week, news emerged about two videotaped incidents at St. Michael’s College School in Toronto. Police sources say members of the basketball team bullied one student and soaked him with water, while a group of boys held down another student and allegedly sexually assaulted him with a broom handle.As these incidents are investigated, students, parents and teachers are grappling with difficult questions of how they could happen — and what young witnesses should do.Debra Pepler, a York University psychology professor and bullying expert, said bullies often thrive off the power imbalance of an audience — but bystanders can also be instrumental in stopping the incidents.Pepler co-authored a 2001 study on peer intervention that found more than half of bullying incidents stop within 10 seconds after a bystander steps in.There are bystanders to about 85 per cent of bullying incidents, Pepler said, but three-quarters of the time they are “paying positive attention” to the bully — and victims can sense the power imbalance.Children who are noticeably different are targeted more frequently — whether for a disability, sexual or gender identity, race, nationality or socioeconomic status, she said.“Where you find power differentials, that’s where you find people who are more at risk of being bullied,” Pepler said.“It’s really up to the adults to create a safe school context where everyone feels included as if they belong and are valued.”Talking about intervention is a challenging task, especially because there is no clear research on what methods are most effective. Pepler’s work has shown “pro-social” intervention is about as effective as “aggressive” intervention towards the bully.Many children and youth don’t know how to intervene, even if they sense that what’s happening is wrong, she said.Having discussions around the dinner table, watching films that address the issues, or talking about possible scenarios can help young people think about what to do about bullying, she said.It’s also important to make sure kids understand they have safe options other than getting directly involved, like talking to a friend or adult, she said.Pepler said if a young person speaks up alone, it’s usually someone with a higher social status, as a common fear is that whoever challenges the bully could become the next victim.“We as adults play a very significant role in helping children understand not only how to avoid using their power negatively, but how it feels like to use it positively,” Pepler said.When a school implements a bullying prevention plan, Pepler said, the intervention rate goes up for both teachers and peers.Advocacy group People First Nova Scotia visits junior high school classes to talk about the importance of respecting people with disabilities and how to speak up when witnessing abuse and discrimination.  Cindy Carruthers of People First said students and teachers often thank the group for giving them the words to stand up to a bully, either in the school yard or at home.“We often say to the kids, if you hear older brothers and sisters or your parents using language they shouldn’t use, educate them,” Carruthers said.She said parents should also be educated about these issues, and she often senses her group’s anti-bullying themes haven’t been discussed with kids at home before.“Kids don’t just make this stuff up. You have to learn to be a bully,” said Carruthers.Holly McKenzie-Sutter, The Canadian Presslast_img read more

first_imgJune 22, 2003SOLERI ART: ‘Soleri Art to grace Los Arcos’ states the Scottsdale Republic, a special section of the Arizona Republic, on June 17. 2003. Paolo is commissioned to design a sculpture for the Los Arcos Town Center, located on the corner of Scottsdale Road and McDowell in Scottsdale, AZ.In a press conference at Cosanti Paolo was joined by developer Steve Ellman, City Councilwoman Cynthia Lukas and members of Los Arcos Neighborhood Coalition. [Photo:tt & text: sa] Councilwoman Cynthia Lukas approached Paolo about the idea of creating something special for Los Arcos. Quoted from the article, Lukas said: ‘I think we need a new symbol for the community in that area, and this could be that new symbol’. [Photo:tt & text: sa] Developer Steve Ellman hopes to revitalize the mall with potential outlets like Walmart, Sam’s Club and Lowe’s. Again quoting the Arizona Republic article: ‘World-class art and Wal-Mart aren’t usually synonymous’. A first glimpse of preliminary drafts for this sculpture pleasantly startles the imagination, one of Soleri’s life-long traits. [Photo:tt & text: sa]last_img read more

first_img Categories: News,Vaupel News Package heads to Senate for consideration State Rep. Hank Vaupel voted this week to approve a package of bills aimed at providing substantial income tax relief for families and seniors.The bills continue and increase personal exemptions for Michigan taxpayers and their dependents on their income taxes, while providing additional relief for senior citizens.Rep. Vaupel, of Fowlerville, voted for the three-bill package that will enable people to keep more of their hard-earned money.“Federal tax reform approved last month provided tax relief, but I believe we need to do more to lift the tax burden from Michigan families and senior citizens,” Vaupel said. “This is fiscally responsible and will not only improve the local economy by spurring consumer spending, it will also improve the quality of life for people in Livingston County.”The three-bill package ensures Michigan taxpayers can continue claiming personal exemptions on income taxes after federal tax reforms signed into law last month. The legislation also gradually increases the state personal exemption from the current $4,000 to $4,800 for the 2020 tax year. The legislation ensures taxpayers in Michigan cities with an income tax will continue to be able to claim exemptions in relation to the Michigan income tax, rather than the federal tax code.House Bills 5420-22 now go to the Senate for consideration.###center_img 26Jan Rep. Vaupel votes to provide tax relief to Michigan families, seniorslast_img read more

first_imgUK pay TV operator BSkyB increased its reach by an additional 312,000 households in the 12 months ending June 30, reaching a total of 10.6 million subscribers. Growth has slowed, however, from the 426,000 new customers reported during the previous year.Announcing is full year results, the incumbent operator said it had the country’s largest and fastest-growing triple-play customer base, with 3.4 million subs taking three services, up 21% year-on-year. Customers now take an average of 2.7 products each, up from 2.5 last year.The operator ended June with 10,288,000 TV subscribers having added 101,000 during the year. The number of HD customers increased by half a million to 4.3 million, while Sky’s multiroom service is now in 2.4 million homes, an increase of 152,000.The operator added 138,000 broadband customers during the year, ending June with a total of four million. It also announced that it would roll out Sky Broadband and telephony services in Ireland, making them available to 1.6 million homes.Revenues for the full year were up 4.5% on a like-for-like basis to £6.791 billion (€8.7 billion), while EBIDTA was up 3% to £1.567 billion.Sky’s CEO, Jeremy Darroch, said, “In what remains a tough economic environment, customers are choosing Sky over other providers. We’ve continued to add new households and existing customers are remaining loyal and taking more products from us. More than nine million homes are now choosing to watch their TV through Sky Plus, we’re helping more customers to save money in home communications and innovative services like Sky Go are adding even more value to their subscription.”last_img read more